Courts in BhiwaniFor maintaining law and order in a city, a well defined judicial system is very important. Courts not only look after the criminal cases but also work to ensure proper justice to all those who suffered any atrocity from society. Every region in India follows the system of judiciary as given under constitution and its various amendments. Though in the pre-independence stage, there were separate laws governing these states and provinces, however, the scenario has changed now with uniform laws being applicable across the country. However at district level, there are certain variations in the system and jurisdiction of courts.
The district was separated in 1972 and at that time itself, it was given its separate District and Sessions Judge Court for handling the proceedings of any such cases arising here. Bhiwani enjoys quite strategic position geographically. It lies in proximity to national capital and shares its borders with Rajasthan as well.
It has flourishing textile mills along with numerous religious places which makes it the much acclaimed ‘Chhoti Kashi’ in India. With these attributes, city also has its sub divisions at Siwani, Loharu, Charkhi Dadri, and Bhiwani. All these sub divisions are covered under the district administration and also under the same court of district and sessions judges in Bhiwani.
Court of District and Sessions Judge in BhiwaniWhen the district of Bhiwani was officially declared separate in January 1973, District and Sessions Judge Court was also inaugurated here. Commencing with strength of mere 10-15 members, the court had Sh. R.S. Gupta as its first District and Sessions Judge. The District Bar Association of Bhiwani, currently, has around 1332 advocates as its members. This district court has unlimited pecuniary jurisdictions for its civil judges and appellate courts. Many judicial powers are vested with the judges and appellate authorities of this court in Bhiwani.
Jurisdiction of the Court of District and Sessions Judge in BhiwaniWhen Bhiwani was separated as a district in 1972, it came under the jurisdiction of District and Sessions Judge. Since then, its judicial system has been revamped to exercise better administration over its laws and legislations at district level.
Currently, the jurisdiction of this court is as follows:
- District and Sessions Judge-1
- Additional District and Sessions judges-7
- District Judge (Family Court)-1
- Court of Civil Judge Senior Division-1
- Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate-1
- Courts of Additional Civil Judges (Senior Division and Junior Division)-5
- CJM (DLSA)-1
- Camp Court-1
Apart from these, there are 4 judicial officers posted in sub division of Charkhi Dadri, while one each at Loharu, and Siwani. The civil judges of Bhiwani District Court have the powers of Judicial Magistrate and Rent Controller vested with them.
Rules for court of District and Sessions Judge in BhiwaniThere are some general rules to be followed by this court in exercising its jurisdiction. Rules and Orders of Punjab High Court are applicable to it along with Practice in the Trial of Civil Suits. The court has defined its rules and regulations regarding holidays, working hours for court proceedings, and also, the cause lists.
The general working court hours applicable to all Haryana courts are applicable to Bhiwani District and Sessions Judge as well. All the changes and holidays are informed through notifications. Cause lists are prepared and exhibited in a way to prevent litigants from long waiting hours for hearing on simple and petty cases.
There are provisions for free legal aid and providing legal services in different modes. There is an appropriate system for reception of plaints and applications with proper examination and distribution of cases, transfer of cases, and other rules related thereto.